South Asia

In India, Nepal, and Bangladesh, we are mainly working among two types of people: those who have land and grow their own food, and the others who do not have land and depend on daily earnings. Those who have land are not much affected by this pandemic, whereas the ones who do not have land, such as tea garden people, are affected. 

Farmers with land are less affected since they grow their own food and do not depend on the open market. However, though they grow their own food, their agricultural work has been affected because they need the finances to buy materials, such as seeds and fertilizers, to begin farming. They also need to be able to pay for labor. Due to the loss of jobs and employment, there has been a shortage of cash, which decreased production on agriculture, leaving less production for the next season. There is also hardship for small farmers who grow cash crops, such as jute, and depend heavily on earning cash once a year. They have no money to start jute cultivation and are unsure when the government and other agencies will be able to buy their crops due to the pandemic.

On the other hand, the landless group who largely depend on daily earnings and PDS (Public Distribution System) are most affected. Currently, there are no jobs or employment opportunities and due to the disruption in the supply chain, the food commodities are not easily available in the market. The shortage of food supply from either the producer or the processing unit is only increasing the price in the market and daily earners are finding it difficult to arrange food. They are also finding it difficult to arrange other food items including cereals, fruits, and vegetables in this pandemic. 

Please consider supporting our efforts in South Asia to help villages fight the food shortage.